When patients are first diagnosed with insulin sensitivity, they can find a bevy of information online and advice from their doctor regarding the basics such as the complications of risks of heart disease and blindness, kidney damage. Further, the common treatments include medications that help promote pancreatic cell growth in addition to dietary and other lifestyle changes. With the advent of research on other systems in the body and related disorders, it is important to be aware of these rarer issues for people with type-2 diabetes or who were diagnosed as children.
Get Teeth Checked and Consistent Periodontal Care
There is mounting research that taking care of one’s teeth and gums play a key role in immune health and limiting the potential for complications from diabetes and other diseases that develop as people age. While there are some questions about the limits of the efficacy of periodontal interventions, the professional association of these medical professionals note that “intensive treatment” can still play a role in helping diabetic patients achieve their goals for glycemic control because, as Dr. Stuart J. Froum told DentistryIQ, “a number of population suggest … there is indeed a relationship between diabetes and periodontal disease.” More research may help understand how these links work.
Gender, Diabetic Socks and Complications
Women who have problems with insulin sensitivity and glucose levels face an uphill climb when it comes to dealing with type-2 diabetes. In fact, the statistics regarding mortality, blindness and cardiovascular disease are striking when comparing male patients to female patients.
As an example, the Centers for Disease Control reports that women aged 25-44 who are diagnosed with the condition are three times more likely to lose their life following their diagnosis compared to healthier women. Symptoms of heart problems and other issues are different for women and the incidence rate is five times higher compared to women without diabetes. Harvard doctors note that there are warning signs up to several weeks before a heart attack occurs, including fatigue, problems sleeping and anxiety. At the time of a cardiac infarction, shortness of breath and weakness are common, but not arm pain, for example.
Osteoporosis and Myonecrosis
Without making lifestyle changes and taking any medications that a doctor prescribes, people with diabetes often know that they risk heart disease, nerve damage that some can limit with the aid of diabetic socks and potential blindness. However, because the body’s levels of vitamins and minerals are outside of normal levels, there is also the potential for damage to bones and even muscle tissue.
Diabetic myonecrosis occurs when muscle tissue dies as a result of restricted blood flow and often occurs in the muscles of the calf and thigh. It may take years to develop, but men and women should be wary of any pain in the lower extremities as it is often accompanied by peripheral neuropathy, the condition where nerve damage occurs in the limbs. Myonecrosis may be relatively rare and patients can often take advantage of ways to limit the impact of nerve damage on their lives, including frequent self-checks for wounds on the extremities, to limit the possibility of this dangerous condition.
Getting Back to the Basics of Diabetes Care
Efforts to reduce LDL cholesterol levels and trigylcerides are key to limiting these issues. Your doctor may already have prescribed certain types of inhibitors that help promote pancreatic tissue growth that can help offset insulin sensitivity that is often the result of being diagnosed with diabetes. To combat cholesterol, many statin medications are on offer and along with special diets can help diabetics live healthy lives with less risk for heart disease and other complications.
In addition to diets which rely on small amounts of complex carbohydrates and protein rather than food and drink that contain simple sugar, exercise often helps the body with glycemic control. More muscle tissue requires more energy that cannot then be turned into fat or lead to blood sugar spikes. Be sure to consult with a doctor before attempting any change in one’s eating habits or beginning a new workout regimen.
If you do decide to begin a new exercise plan, be sure that your clothes match your needs in light of your condition. Loose-fitting clothes are a good idea to prevent rubbing and ones designed to wick away moisture can reduce the likelihood of developing sores. Combining these with diabetic socks that do not have seams can help to ensure that people with insulin sensitivity an enjoy the benefits of working out without the concomitant risk of sores and other wounds that can be difficult to heal because of complications of diabetes.